JOURNEY OF MY M.B.B.S

JOURNEY OF MY M.B.B.S

For starters, I want to share my experience with students who want to go on this route and with people who are just curious about what it’s all about – Becoming a doctor.
 I still remember the first day of landing to medical college; the cheerfulness, happy moment, excitement and dream that everybody carries to become a doctor.
Well, my journey was both sweet and sour. The first phase is one of the important years I believe, That is when students have to acclimatize to the new environment. Nevertheless, it’s the year when everyone is ready to get kick started to become a doctor. Everyone is usually more focused during the first phase and eventually, some people start drifting away from their goals. I can’t say that’s the worse thing in the world since that’s how most of us learn the major life lessons. However, I would say getting a good grip on the first phase subjects anatomy, pathology and physiology go a long way. They make the foundation for a smooth journey ahead. I must add, I am not saying that biochemistry isn’t important. Each and every subject carries its own importance. What I see, in the medical field seniors are the motivators, guides and helpers.there are so many books and every writer had their own opinion regarding the books. and they help us in choosing the finest book to read and pass an exam. I love to read ROBBINS PATHOLOGY and GUYTON’S physiology.these book changed the way what I saw in the entire medical field, Guyton telling the all the normal physiology that happens in our body where Robbins explained the detail possible cause where physiology goes wrong to cause disease. studying these books throughout the first phase of my basic science tells me the start from normal physiological cell to the concept of a necrosed cell.
The first year is very fast but at the same time its sort of slow. It might be because its hard to forget the memories made especially during this year. The big transition from school to college is difficult to forget for the most of us. Then comes the second year, which is 1 years long on TU. Well, my biggest mistake was to think “Oh no biggie, I have a lot of time to hit the books.” I was wrong. this year we have to study all system remaining after the first year. Pathology and Anatomy is a major subject of the second year and its best to get a head start rather than waiting until the end. In my opinion, the best case scenario will be a student who not only focuses on the second year subjects but also adds medicine to pathology. Worse case scenario would be waiting until the end to open books!! Well, this is also the year when students start planning trips and enjoying college life. Have fun but don’t overindulge to a point that you can’t come back.
The third year is the easiest year I think. But also because I studied decently throughout the year and it’s very feasible. The holy grail of M.b.b.s is the fourth and final year. Its the hardest I believe. Mostly because practicals weigh just as much as theory, and I was always terrified of vivas. So focus on both theory and practicals. Attend the clinical postings from the third year onwards and be well equipped with the history taking skills.
The internship is one year long. That’s when most of the students learn the basic procedures and get a good taste of the hospital life specifically being on call or night duties.
Moreover, I believe that my medical journey was both sweet and sour.W e are not alone in the journey there is a lot in the world who are with us on the journey. I want to share  a great word by ARISTOTLE
  -“NO GREAT MIND EVER EXISTED WITHOUT A TOUCH OF MADNESS”
ANATOMY 10 years (2018-2017) question papers of 1st prof MBBS WBUHS

ANATOMY 10 years (2018-2017) question papers of 1st prof MBBS WBUHS

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  Marks division

ANATOMY [Theory 140 + Practical 60 = Total 200 marks]

 THEORY (140 MARKS)

a) Written Exam (100) [paper I 50 + paper II 50]

 b) Oral (20)

  1. Bones 10 [axial 5 + appendicular 5]
  2. Viscera 10 [abdominal 5 + brain 5]

 c) Theory Internal Assessment (20)

[ Written exam + Oral + Internal assessment = 100+20+20 = 140 ]

PRACTICAL (60 MARKES)

a) Histology (15)

  1. Normal slide- 5
  2. Special slide- 4
  3. Notebook- 4
  4. cross section identification- 2

 b) Window dissection (10)

 c) Identification (8)

 d) Surface anatomy (4)

 e) Radiology (3)

 f) Practical Internal Assessment (20)

 

[ Histology + Window dissection + Identification + Surface anatomy + Radiology + Practical

Internal Assessment = 15+10+8+4+3+20 = 60 ]

 

 

                     Upper extremity

Group -A

  1. What are the palmar spaces? Describe the thenar muscles with their nerve supply and actions. (2017) P-1
    Enumerate the ligaments of shoulder joint. how the stability of the joint is maintained? Mention the nerve supply of the joint. Discuss the mechanism of elevation of arm above the hand. Which type of dislocation is common and why? (2016) P-1
  2. Describe the brachial plexus under the following heads: roots, trunks, divisions and chords. what do you mean by Erb’s point? Add a note on klumpke’s paralysis. (2015) P-1
  3. A 10 years old child had a fall on his out stretched hand and was diagnose to be suffering from supra condylar fracture of humerus. Describe the structures likely to be damaged what are the immediate and delay effect of said facture? (2015) P-1
  4. Describe the intrinsic muscle of hand. What is total claw hand? (2014) P-1
  5. Name the nerve involved in fracture of medial epicondyle of humerus. Describe course and distribution of the nerve beyond elbow. Mention motor and sensory distribution following its injury. (2013) P-1

Group-B

  1. A man presents with neuromuscular disability following fracture of surgical neck of Humerus. Give a brief account of the nerve affected because of its most close relation to that part of the bone. From your knowledge of anatomy add a note on the motor and sensory defects that may arise. (2010) P-1
  2. A factory worker present with acute pain and swelling of central part of the palm of his right hand following infection of web space between middle and ring finger. Using your anatomical knowledge explain this complication. Write a brief note on the palmer space affected. (2009) P-1
  3. Following a street accident, a young man develops fracture of mid shaft of humerus. Discuss the distribution of nerve related to this part of the bone, while it passes through the arm. Add a note on its lesion while it is in relation to the spiral groove of the bone. (2008) P-1

Short Note

  1. Anatomical snuff box of hand. (2014) P-1
  2. Cephalic vein. (2013) P-1
  3. Quadrangular and triangular space. (2012) P-1
  4. Clavipectoral Fascia. (2010) P-1
  5. carpal tunnel. (2009) P-1
    Carpal Tunnel syndrome. (2008) P-1

Explain why

  1. Upper end of Humerus 1s an example of compound epiphysis. (2010) P-1
  2. Fracture of shaft of humerus causes wrist drop. (2017) P-1
  3. Tear of medial semilunar cartilage (meniscus) is more frequent than lateral semilunar cartilage (meniscus). (2015) P-1
  4. Carcinoma of inferomedial quadrant of mammary gland main spread to ovary. (2015) P-1
  5. Painful arc syndrome. (2014) P-1
  6. Clavicle is a modified long bone. (2013) P-1
  7. Injury to radial nerve in cubital fossa will not cause wrist drop. (2012) P-1
  8. Injury to long thoracic nerve causes winging of scapula. (2012) P-1
  9. A palpable nodule in axilla of an elderly lady should be properly cared. (2009) P-1
  10. Clavicle is a modified long bone. (2009) P-1
  11. Metastasis from carcinoma of inferior medial quadrant of breast may take place in pelvic cavity. (2008) P-1

                     Lower extremity

Group -A

  1. Describe the formation of rectus sheath. Name the contents of the sheath. What is the function of tendinous intersection and at which level they are present? (2016) P-1
  2. Describe the shutter mechanism of inguinal canal and anatomical difference between oblique and direct hernia. (2015) P-1
  3. Name the bones forming the knee joint. Describe the locking and unlocking movement of knee joint. (2014) P-1
  4. What are the muscles exposed after cutting Gluteus maximus? Name the nerves supplying these muscles. What are the actions of these muscles on Hip joint. (2012) P-1
  5. Following an automobile injury, a person lost his adductor movements of the leg. What is the nerve supplying the adductor groups of muscles of leg? Describe the nerve under the following heading: i) Origin. ii) Branches. iii) Distribution. (2011) P-1

Group-B

  1. Describe the factors maintaining medial longitudinal Arch of foot. (2017) P-1
  2. Discuss the Tibialis posterior muscle. (2015) P-1
  3. Discuss different factors that maintain longitudinal arch of foot. What are the disadvantage of flat foot. (2013) P-1
  4. A bus conductor having prominent veins in his legs during standing position. What are the superficial veins present in the leg? What are the origin, termination and tributaries of short saphenous vein? What is varicosity of leg veins? (2011) P-1
  5. A factory worker presents with swollen painful Inguinal lymph nodes following an uncared wound at medial side of ankle. Explain this complication from your knowledge of anatomy. Write a brief note on Inguinal Lymph Nodes. (2010) P-1
  6. A child suffering from bilateral dislocation of hip joint. Mention the anatomical type of this location of hip state the factors mention the stability of hip joint. (2009) P-1
  7. An athlete while running, experienced severe clamps in his right thigh and was diagnosed as a case of Pulled hamstrings. Set the characteristics of Hamstrings. Mention the origin insertion nerve supply and actions of this group muscles. (2008) P-1

hort Note

  1. Short Saphenous vein. (2017) P-1
  2. Femoral sheath. (2013) P-1
  3. Deltoid ligament. (2011) P-1
  4. Popliteus muscle. (2010) P-1
  5. Deltoid ligament of Ankle. (2008) P-1

Explain why

  1. Sartorius is called as Tailors muscles. (2017) P-1
  2. Foot drop after fracture of neck of fibula. (2013) P-1
  3. Peroneus longus muscle has effect on both longitudinal as well as transvers arches of foot. (2010) P-1
  4. Injury of the superficial superior gluteal nerve shows posterior Trendelenburg sign. (2009) P-1
  5. Peroneus longus, while action along, has role on both transverse as well as longitudinal arches of foot. (2008) P-1

                              Abdomen

Group -A

  1. Give a brief amount of ureter. Mention its microscopic structure and development. Explain radiation of pain from loin to groin in ureteric colic. (2013) P-1
  2. A young married lady with a history of missed period, suddenly collapsed with sharp lower abdominal pain and was diagnosed having ruptured tubal pregnancy. What is the commonest site of tubal pregnancy and its fate. Mention the parts of this tube, blood supply, histological structure and development. (2012) P-1
  3. A 50 years old man was brought to the Out Patient Department (OPD) with a complaint of a swelling at the midline of anterior abdominal wall over an operative scar. Swelling was diagnosed to be incisional hernia through rectus sheath. i) Define the sheath. ii) Give its formations at different levels. iii) What are the contents of rectus sheath? Why is median incision not preferred over the anterior abdominal wall? (2011) P-1
  4. An old man suffering from carcinoma of Prostate presents with metastasis (secondary deposit) in vertebra. From your knowledge of anatomy explain this complication. Discuss briefly the capsules, lobes and relations of prostate gland. Add a note on interior of the organ. (2010) P-1
  5. Per vaginal examination of an elderly lady suffering from Pelvic Inflammatory Disease reveals collection of fluid in Pouch of Douglas. Write a note on this pouch with peritoneal as well as visceral relations of Uterus. Give a brief account of supports of the organ. (2010) P-1
  6. Young lady brought to the hospital emergency with acute pain in the lower abdomen and features of shock was diagnosed as a case of ruptured ectopic gestations. Mention the usual site of ectopic gestation discuss the gross anatomy development and micro anatomy of the organ involved. (2009) P-1
  7. During routine investigations, ultrasonography of whole abdomen of an adult healthy individual revealed incidence of horse-shoe shaped kidney. Explain the causes from your knowledge of embryology. Discuss briefly the development of kidney. Add a note on its clinical anatomy with congenital anomalies. (2008)P-1

Group-B

  1. Describe lymphatic drainage of stomach. Why does Virchow lymph nodes get enlarged in carcinoma of stomach? (2017) P-1
  2. Describe the cervix uteri. What is its clinical importance? (2016) P-1
  3. Describe the common bile duct. What is Calot’s Triangle? (2016) P-1
  4. Describe the interior of anal canal with its is histological structure. (2015) P-1
  5. Describe the common bile duct in short. Important of Calot’s triangle. (2014) P-1
  6. Mention the factors that prevent gastro-oesophageal regurgitation. Give and histological structure of oesophagus. (2013) P-1
  7. Give an account of uterine cervix. Mention its lymphatic drainage. (2013) P-1
  8. Why ischiorectal abscess is very painful when abscess is superficial. Write boundary and content of fossa. (2012) P-1
  9. Name the false ligaments of the liver. State within which mesogastrium, development of liver takes place and what are the remnants of it? Write from which part of the gut liver bud develops? (2011) P-1
  10. Name the parts of the large intestine with their corresponding lengths in the adults. Describe the structure of the large gut with diagram. (2011) P-1
  11. A teen aged girl suffering from Acute appendicitis got initial attack of pain around umbilicus which was finally localised at right iliac fossa. State anatomical reason of pain in both the areas. Give an account of positions of Vermiform appendix. (2010) P-1
  12. After splenectomy operation due to rupture of spleen following intra abdominal injury, a patient develop diabetic mellitus. Explain the reason form your Anatomical knowledge. Discuss briefly the ligaments of spleen cut during operation. (2009) P-1
  13. Bouts of hematemesis, following cirrhosis of liver of a patient was diagnosed to be due to obstruction of portal venous system. Explain the causes from your knowledge of anatomy. Give a brief account of the Portal Vein with a note on Porto-caval anastomosis. (2008) P-1

Short Note

  1. Hesselbach’s Triangle. (2017) P-1
  2. Prosthetic part male urethra. (2015) P-1
  3. Internal trigons of urinary bladder. (2014) P-1
  4. Broad ligament of uterus. (2014) P-1
  5. Ovarian fossa on lateral Pelvic wall. (2013) P-1
  6. Epiploic foramen. (2012) P-1
  7. Mackenrodt’s ligament. (2012) P-1
  8. Left Renal Vein. (2011) P-1
  9. Epiploic foramen. (2011) P-1
  10. Ischial spine. (2009) P-1
  11. Hesselbach’s triangle. (2009) P-1
  12. Porto-caval anastasis. (2009) P-1
  13. Relation of head of pancreas. (2008) P-1

Explain why

  1. Appendix of testis is embryologically different form appendix of epididymis. (2017) P-1
  2. Pleural sac may be accidentally opened during exposure of the kidney from back. (2017) P-1
  3. Pubic tubercle is important landmark for femoral and inguinal hernia. (2016) P-1
  4. In prostatic carcinoma X-ray of lumbosacral vertebra to be avoided. (2016) P-1
  5. Dropping of the kidney is not followed by suprarenal gland. (2016) P-1
  6. Caput medusae. (2015) P-1
  7. Inner layer of myometrium acts as a living ligature of uterus during menstruation and parturition. (2015) P-1
  8. Varicocele of left testes is common. (2014) P-1
  9. Carcinoma of the head of the pancreas may produce jaundice. (2014) P-1
  10. Pain around umbilicus in case of acute appendicitis. (2013) P-1
  11. Cholecystitis causes pain in right shoulder. (2011) P-1
  12. A patient of cirrhosis of liver presents with Caput Medusa. (2010) P-1
  13. Pectinate line is an important landmark of anal canal. (2009) P-1
  14. Rupture of membranes part of urethra may cause extravasation of union in anterior abdominal wall. (2008) P-1
  15. Incidence of inguinal hernia is normal healthy individual is prevented by Shutter mechanism. (2008) P-1

 

 

                               Thorax

Group -A

  1. Define pleura. Enumerate the parts of the pleura with their nerve supply. Describe the costomediatinal reflection of pleura. What is pleural effusion. (2015) P-2
  2. Describe the transverse pericardial sinus with development. What is the clinical importance of it? (2014) P-2
  3. Give an account of pleura. mention its nerve supply. What is the site of choice for insertion of needle to drain plural effusion and why? (2013) P-2

Group-B

  1. Describe the origin, course and distribution of left coronary artery. what is angina pectoris? enumerate the sources of development of internal system. (2017) P-2
  2. Describe the coronary sinus of the heart with its tributaries and development. (2015) P-2
  3. Give an account of usual pattern of coronary artery supply of heart. What is coronary dominance? (2012) P-2
  4. A young patient presents with repeated vomiting and reflux on examination which was diagnosed as Diaphragmatic Hernia. Explain the Condition from your knowledge of anatomy. Give the origin, insertion & nerve supply of the diaphragm. (2011) P-2
  5. A patient with history of cough, fever and breathlessness is diagnosed to be a case of Pleural effusion. Give a brief account on parts of pleura with its recesses and nerve supply. (2010) P-2

Short Note

  1. Central tendon of diaphragm. (2015) P-2
  2. Ligamentum arteriosum. (2014) P-2
  3. Nerve supply of apical pleura. (2014) P-2
  4. Inlet of Thorax. (2013) P-2
  5. 1st intercostal nerve. (2012) P-2
  6. Ansa cervicalis. (2012) P-2
  7. Oblique sinus. (2011) P-2
  8. Constrictions of oesophagus (2008) P-2

Explain why

  1. Fibrous pericardium is fused with central tendon of the diaphragm. (2016) P-2
  2. Recurrent laryngeal nerve is both side present different course. (2016) P-2
  3. Central tendon of the thoraco-abdominal diaphragm is blended with the basal part of the fibrous pericardium. (2014) P-2
  4. Type of respiration in children is abdominal, whereas it is thoraco-abdominal in adult. (2012) P-2
  5. Segment 2 and segment 6 of lung are the sites of lung abscess. (2011) P-1
  6. Inter costal nerves other than 3rd to 6th are atypical. (2010) P-2
  7. Type of respiration in infants is abdominal, weather thoracic in adult females and thoraco-abdominal in adult male. (2009) P-2
  8. Right recurrent laryngeal nerve hook round right subclavian artery, whereas the left does round the ligamentous arteriosum. (2008) P-2

                            Head-Neck

Group -A

  1. Describe the parotid gland under the following headings: i) Coverings ii) Relations of parotid gland iii) Nerve supply iv) Frey’s syndrome (2016) P-2
  2. A man suffering from hypertension bleeds from Little’s area of nose. Give an account of the formation, arterial supply, nerve supply & lining epithelium of nasal septum with a note on Little’s area. (2012) P-2
  3. Following thyroidectomy a patient may develop hoarseness of voice. Explain the statement. Give a brief account of intrinsic muscles of the larynx and their action on Rimaglottidis. (2012) P-2
  4. A child came to OPD with a complaint of injury to the external ear. On examination a perforation was found in the tympanic membrane. Discuss about the gross anatomy, arterial supply and nerve supply of the Tympanic membrane and the External auditory canal. (2011) P-2
  5. A person gives history of inability to close his mouth immediately after yawning. What is the anatomical basis behind it? Describe the muscles and ligaments related to the. anatomical site affected. (2011) P-2
  6. Following surgical operation of right sided parotid gland, a patient develops weakness of facial muscles of that side. State the relation of the affected cranial nerve with parotid gland. Give a brief account of functional components and intracranial course and distribution of the nerve. (2010) P-2
  7. Following operation on Thyroid gland, a patient developed hoarseness of voice. Give a brief note on muscle action on vocal cord and state from your knowledge of anatomy, what happened wrong with the patient. Discuss briefly the important relations and arterial supply as well as venous drainage of the thyroid gland. Mention what precautions, based on anatomical knowledge, are to be taken by a surgeon during operation on thyroid gland. (2008) P-2

Group-B

  1. Enumerate the extraocular muscles with their nerve supply and functions. (2017) P-2
  2. Enumerate the muscles of soft palate and their nerve supply. What are the different types of cleft palate and how they are formed? (2016) P-2
  3. Name the components forming the Nasal Septum with a suitable diagram. What is Little area? (2015) P-2
  4. Name the paranasal air sinuses. Mention the factor that helps to drain out the content of the maxillary sinus. Why these sinuses are developed around the nose? (2014) P-2
  5. Name the muscles of the pharynx. Give their nerve supply. What is killian’s dehiscence. (2014) P-2
  6. Enumerate paired Venous system sinuses in skull. Write brief note on cavernous sinus. (2013) P-2
  7. Mention the boundaries of Pyriform fossa of pharynx and its sensory supply. What is the clinical importance of the fossa. (2013) P-2
  8. An old man presents with an ulcer along the margin of the tongue which was diagnosed as carcinoma of the tongue (Cancer). Which group of lymph nodes are likely to be enlarged? Discuss briefly the lymphatic drainage of the tongue. (2011) P-2
  9. During surgical operation on thyroid gland a surgeon must be careful to avoid injury to some nerves. Mention the components, distribution and effect of lesion of these nerves. (2010) P-2
  10. A boy presents discharge of pus through ear following recurrent infection in throat. Explain the clinical complication from your knowledge of anatomy. Write a brief note on the structures connecting with throat. (2009) P-2

Short Note

  1. Maxillary sinus. (2017) P-2
  2. Danger area of scalp. (2016) P-2
  3. Rima glottidis. (2016) P-2
  4. Bronchopulmonary segments of left lung. (2016) P-2
  5. Nasolacrimal duct. (2016) P-2
  6. Ciliary body. (2016) P-2
  7. Structure and nerve supply of tympanic membrane. (2015) P-2
  8. Pyriform fossa with clinical importance. (2014) P-2
  9. Dangerous area of scalp. (2014) P-2
  10. Temporomandibular joint. (2013) P-2
  11. Dangerous area of face. (2013) P-2
  12. Lacrimal apparatus. (2012) P-2
  13. Tympanic membrane. (2012) P-2
  14. Inlet of the Larynx. (2011) P-2
  15. Middle meatus of nose. (2010) P-2
  16. Iris (2008) P-2
  17. Middle meatus of nose (2008) P-2
  18. Inferior constrictor muscles of pharynx (2008) P-2

 

Explain why

  1. Cricoarytenoid posterior muscle is the safety muscles of the larynx. (2017) P-2
  2. Increase pressure of CSF in subarachnoid space is easily diagnosed by ophthalmoscopic examination of the eye. (2017) P-2
  3. Parotitis is very painful. (2017) P-2
  4. A child suffering from repeated throat infection has discharge of pass through ear. (2017) P-2
  5. A child suffering from acute tonsillitis main complaint of pain in the ears. (2015) P-2
  6. Danger area of the face. (2015) P-2
  7. Posterior cricothyroid muscles act as safety muscles of larynx. (2015) P-2
  8. Pain in is referred to the middle ear in ulcer of the posterior part of the tongue. (2014) P-2
  9. In tonsillitis pain is referred to middle ear. (2013) P-2
  10. Superior parathyroid are inferior in position. (2013) P-2
  11. Optic disc in eye ball is known as blind spot. (2013) P-2
  12. Posterior inferior quadrant of tympanic membrane is chosen for myringotomy. (2013) P-2
  13. Superior Parathyroid are inferior in position. (2011) P-2
  14. Entry of foreign bodies is commoner to the right bronchus. (2011) P-2
  15. Layer of loose connective tissue is known as Dangerous layer of scalp. (2010) P-2
  16. Vocal cord is considered as water-shed line of larynx. (2009) P-2
  17. Layer of loose connective tissue is called Dangerous layer of scalp. (2008) P-2
  18. Throat infection in child, if neglected, may leads to Mastoiditis. (2008) P-2

 

                      Neuroanatomy

Group -A

  1. Describe cavernous sinus under following heading
    i) General information ii) Structure passing through sinus iii) Tributaries iv) Communications (2017) P-2
  2. Enumerate with fibres of the brain. Describe the internal capsule under the following heads. Parts with relations, fibres passing through different parts and blood supply. What is stroke? (2017) P-2
  3. What is atrial cycle of Willis? Describe the arterial supply of the superolateral surface of cerebral hemisphere. (2016) P-2
  4. Give an account of origin, course and distribution of oculomotor nerve. Explain the effects of oculomotor nerve lesion. (2015) P-2
  5. Give the arterial supply of supero-lateral surface of the brain. What is macular sparing. (2014) P-2
  6. Name the ventricle of brain. mention the boundaries and communications of third ventricle. What is hydrocephalus? (2013) P-2
  7. A patient is brought to physician presenting right sided ocular signs of ptosis, lateral strabismus, diplopia and loss of accommodation as well as light reflex with contralateral hemiplegia. From your knowledge of anatomy explain the lesion. Give a brief account of the cranial nerve affected. (2010) P-2
  8. Following ‘Stocks’ a man suffers from Weber’s syndrome with left right hemiplegia and ptosis, lateral strabismus and dilatation of pupil of right eye. Using your anatomical knowledge explain Weber syndrome and involvement of ocular muscles. Discuss briefly the extrinsic muscles of eyeball. (2009) P-2
  9. A person suffering from Parotid Tumour with malignant change gets complaints of Bell’s paralysis. Mention the anatomical change that occurred in Bell’s paralysis in this case. Discuss briefly the important relations structures in the interior and nerve supply of the Parotid Gland. (2008) P-2

Group-B

  1. Describe the floor of the fourth ventricle with diagram. (2017) P-2
  2. Describe the wall and communications of 3rd What is non-communicating type hydrocephalus? (2016) P-2
  3. What are the different parts of the cerebellum? mention its blood supply. What is cerebellar ataxia.(2015) P-2
  4. Write a note on Internal Capsule of brain with its blood supply. What is hemiplegia? (2012) P-2
  5. A patient with increased intracranial tension presents with medial squint/strabismus. Explain the reason for medial squint. Give a brief account of anatomy of the structure involved. (2011) P-2
  6. CT scan of brain of a patient suffering from cerebrovascular accident shows lesion in Internal capsule of brain. State why this part of brain is called ‘internal capsule’. Mention the different fibres passing through the internal capsule. Add a note on its blood supply. (2010) P-2
  7. A man about 60 years suffer from cerebral ataxia following ventricular damage mention arterial supply and phylogenetic subdivision of cerebellum. What do you mean by cerebellar ataxia from your knowledge of anatomy? (2009) P-2
  8. A patient with Argyll Robertson’s Pupil presence persistence of accommodation reflex, but loss of light reflex. Discuss briefly the accommodation reflex pathway. State how can you justify the specific neurological deficit in this case. (2008) P-2
  9. Neglected infection in dangerous area of face of a patient need to Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis. State the reasons from your knowledge of anatomy. Mention the communication and anatomical basis of complication arising from structures related to the thrombosed sinus. (2008) P-2

Short Note

  1. Blood supply of spinal cord. (2017) P-2
  2. Spinal accessory nerve. (2017) P-2
  3. Speech area of the brain. (2015) P-2
  4. Otic ganglion. (2013) P-2
  5. Ciliary ganglion. (2012) P-2
  6. Spine of the Sphenoid. (2011) P-2
  7. Thalamic Nuclei. (2011) P-2
  8. Left coronary artery. (2010) P-2
  9. Boundaries and communications of Third Ventricle of Brain. (2010) P-2
  10. Circulation of aqueous humour. (2010) P-2
  11. Motor neurone of spinal cord. (2009) P-2
  12. Superior cervical ganglion. (2009) P-2
  13. Blood Brain Barrier (2008) P-2

Explain why

  1. Syringing of external ear may sometimes causes vasovagal attack of the patients. (2016) P-2
  2. Obliquely the length of the spinal nerve root increase progressively from above downward. (2016) P-2
  3. A patient of pituitary tumor suffer from by temporal hemianopia. (2016) P-2
  4. Increased intracranial pressure may cause medial squint. (2015) P-2
  5. In anterior spinal artery syndrome there is bilateral loss of pain and temperature sensation but
  6. conscious proprioceptive sensations are preserved. (2015) P-2
  7. A pituitary tumour causes temporal hemianopia. (2014) P-2
  8. A patient having fracture of sphenoid sinus complain of loss of taste sensation at a later day. (2014) P-2
  9. Inflammation of parotid gland is very painful. (2014) P-2
  10. Macular vision is generally spared in lesion of posterior cerebral artery. (2012) P-2
  11. Optic nerve cannot regenerate after injury. (2012) P-2
  12. A patient of Pituitary tumour suffers from Bitemporal Hemianopia. (2010) P-2
  13. Lesions in pretectal nucleus of midbrain cause Argyll Robertson’s pupil. (2009) P-2
  14. Supranuclear type of Facial nerve lesion with two motors loss of lower part of face. (2009) P-2
  15. Visual defect due to occlusion of Posterior cerebral artery does not have effect on macular vision. (2008) P-2

                              Histology

Group-B

  1. Describe the histology of classical hepatic lobule. What is a liver acinus? (2012) P-1

 

Short Note

  1. Transitional epithelium. (2016) P-1
  2. Difference between transitional epithelium and stratified squamous epithelium. (2014) P-1
  3. plasma cell. (2009) P-1
  4. Respiratory epithelium. (2009) P-2
  5. Light microscopic structure of lymph node. (2009) P-2

 

                      General anatomy

Group-B

  1. Define long bone. Name the different part of young long bone. Describe the blood supply of the long bone. (2016) P-1
  2. What is metaphysis of a growing bone? Give its importance. (2014) P-1
  3. Mention the main structural characteristics of synovial joint. Classify synovial joint with example of each type (2012) P-1

 

Short Note

  1. (2017) P-1
  2. (2016) P-1
  3. (2016) P-1
  4. Cardiac muscles. (2015) P-1
  5. Turner’s syndrome. (2015) P-1
  6. Laws of ossification. (2015) P-1
  7. Non disjunction. (2013) P-1
  8. Epiphyseal cartilage. (2012) P-1
  9. Down’s syndrome. (2011) P-1
  10. (2011) P-1
  11. Klinefelter Syndrome. (2010) P-1
  12. Inter vertebral Disc. (2010) P-1
  13. Intervertebral disc. (2008) P-1

 

Explain why

  1. Spurt and shunt muscles. (2017) P-1
  2. (2014) P-1
  3. Barr body is present in Klinefelter syndrome. (2012) P-2
  4. Double Bar body in Klinefelter’s syndrome. (2011) P-1
  5. An elderly female (38 years) gave birth to a baby who is examined to be having a rounded face, epicanthic folds an a characteristic single palmar (simian) crease in the palm. Explain the genetic cause of the event. (2011) P-2

                           Embryology

Group -A

  1. Describe the internal features of anal canal with epithelial lining of each division. Why the pectinate line is called the watershed line of the anal canal? What is the importance of Hilton’s line? Mention the development of anal canal. Define internal haemorrhoids and mention their common sites. (2017) P-1
  2. A child presents leakage of urine throw umbilicus from urinary bladder. Using your anatomical knowledge explain the congenital anomaly with a note of development of urinary bladder. Give a brief amount of features with relations, ligaments and nerve supply of the organ. (2009) P-1
  3. A new-born baby was found to have cleft palate with nasal regurgitation of milk during breastfeeding. Explain the congenital defect from your knowledge of anatomy with a brief note on development of soft palate. Give a brief amount of muscles of soft palate with its movement during deglutition. (2009) P-2
  4. An anxious lady complaints to her doctor that right scrotal sac of her new-born male baby is found empty. The case of is diagnosed as one of the anomalies of descent of testes. Write a brief note on descent of testes. Discuss various anomalies of descent. Explain how the descent of female gonad differ from that of male. (2008) P-1
  5. An anxious lady complaints to her doctor that right scrotal sac of her new-born male baby is found empty. The case of is diagnosed as one of the anomalies of descent of testes. Write a brief note on descent of testes. Discuss various anomalies of descent. Explain how the descent of female gonad differ from that of male. (2008) P-1

Group-B

  1. Describe the derivatives of secondary mesoderm. (2017) P-1
  2. Classification of chromosomes on the basis of centrosomes. (2017) P-1
  3. Describe the derivatives of endothelial pharyngeal pouch. What is bronchial fistula? (2016) P-2
  4. Describe the development of placenta in short. What is placenta previa. (2014) P-1
  5. Give the development of atrioventricular septum. A pin pricked through the right side of the septum will reach which part of the heart? (2014) P-2
  6. What is primary defect in Fallot’s Tetralogy. Describe the development of interventricular septum. (2013) P-2
  7. Describe the development of tongue. Correlate the nerve supply of tongue with its development. (2012) P-2
  8. A child suffer from Fallot’s tetralogy. Mention anatomical features of this congenital anomaly. Write a brief note on development of Ventricular Septum. (2009) P-2
  9. A child, age 8 years with features of breathlessness on exertion and cyanosis since birth was diagnosed to be the case of Fallot’s Tetralogy. Explain the disorder from your knowledge of embryology. Write a note on development and blood supply of Inter ventricular septum. (2008) P-2

Short Note

  1. Anaphase Lag. (2017) P-1
  2. Meckel’s cartilage. (2017) P-2
  3. Bronchial cyst. (2017) P-2
  4. (2016) P-1
  5. Placenta previa. (2016) P-1
  6. Annular pancreas. (2016) P-1
  7. (2015) P-1
  8. Transposition of great vessels. (2015) P-2
  9. Meckel’s cartilage. (2015) P-2
  10. (2014) P-1
  11. Muscles of the first branchial arch with their nerve supply. (2014) P-2
  12. Styloid apparatus. (2014) P-2
  13. Placental barrier. (2013) P-1
  14. Bronchial cyst. (2013) P-2
  15. Umbilical Cord. (2012) P-1
  16. Development of the Soft Palate. (2011) P-2
  17. Physiological umbilical hernia. (2010) P-1
  18. Thyroglossal duct. (2010) P-2
  19. (2009) P-2
  20. Placenta previa. (2008) P-1

Explain why

  1. Transposition of great vessels. (2017) P-2
  2. New-born baby passes urine through umbilicus. (2016) P-1
  3. Imperforate anus. (2015) P-1
  4. A new-born baby presenting with imperforate anus. (2013) P-1
  5. Tracheo oesophageal fistula. (2012) P-1
  6. Monozygotic twins are identical whereas dizygotic twins are not identical. (2012) P-1
  7. Urinary fistula at the level of umbilicus in a new born baby. (2011) P-1
  8. Transposition of great vessels. (2011) P-2
  9. A patient is detected to have Horse shoe shaped kidney. (2010) P-1

 

First semester questions Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry MBBS first year 2016

First semester questions Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry MBBS first year 2016

First Semester questions of Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry of different colleges of West Bengal Health University

Calcutta Medical College

Nilratan Sircar Medical College

R.G. Kar Medical College

Calcutta National Medical College

Maldah Medical college

Mednipore Medical College

ESI Joka medical college

Sagar Dutta Medical college

Download all the first semester question papers of medical colleges of west bengal health science.

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