The 13th Edition of MACLEOD'S CLINICAL EXAMINATION contains the practical skills clinicians must develop to learn advanced diagnostic procedures, management strategies, and plans. Throughout the book, the methods of obtaining an accurate history and performing a physical examination are emphasized. Each main chapter begins by describing the relevant symptom and its significance. The normal findings in a physical examination are described and related to important aspects of applied anatomy and physiology. The examination sequence and the relevance of abnormal signs are then discussed in detail. Chapters conclude with the advantages and limitations of the investigations as well as examples.